National Park of Mafra
With the construction of the Palace-Convent of Mafra, there is a need to wrap it with a recreational space which showed the grandeur of the century of gold mining and Brazil’s diamonds thus arises Real Tapada de Mafra with about 1200 hectares It is surrounded by a wall of stone and lime with a length of 21 kilometers.
Since 1941, this has been submitted to the forest regime under the attention of the Directorate General of Forest Services and Aquaculture, which offered this space a more environmental life and naturalist since his biggest role was the shelter for the practice of hunting, promoted by fashion and its power in the Portuguese monarchy.
Currently, this area is protected by welcoming several species of flora, which highlights the Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), the cork oak (Quercus Suber), the Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) and pine-nut (Pinus pinea).
That in turn with water lines, provide home to the diversity of animals, here, and some species require an elevator conservation value, including Bonelli’s Eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus) and the eagle owl (Bubo bubo).
Following the thought that birds are the most representative group of the Enchanted Forest Tapada Nacional de Mafra, the goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) are, which nests in the area of the Baroque; and the latest species in this space is the short-toed eagle (Circaetus gallicus).
Among more species of smaller birds are the chickadees, the rabirruivos, finches and wagtails.
Hidden in the galleries ripículas the banks of streams, several species of invertebrates, birds and herpetofauna create synergies in this habitat, which highlights the newts, salamanders, frogs, Tree Frogs, frogs, the tortoises and snakes.
With regard to mammals cohabit on this site are the fallow deer (Cervus dama), the deer (Cervus elaphus), wild boar (Sus scrofa) and the fox (Vulpes vulpes), the most recognized species. But among other mammals that escape the eyes of the curious are the wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), badger (Meles meles), the genet (Genetta genetta), the Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon), the weasel (Mustela nivalis) and the hedgehog (Erinaceus European), among others.